SOCIAL EMOTIONAL LEARNING (SEL)
Social Emotional Learning is a process that focuses on adults’ and children’s development of positive behaviours, good problem solvers, compassionate, caring and responsible citizens. Through this SEL, adults and children will learn skills and knowledge to recognize and manage emotions, develop empathy, create worthwhile relationships, set, plan and achieve goals, and be a responsible citizen.
SEL involves coordinated strategies with all students, family, community and the entire staff team. This framework encourages positive growth in the whole child, where it “actively involve all students in their social, emotion, and academic growth” (Casel, 2019) promoting these skills in their daily lives, rather than focusing on behavioural management.
There are 5 key core competencies:
1. Self-awareness: Understand strengths and areas of improvement with sense of positivity and “growth mindset.”
2. Self-management: Effectively regulates behavioural impulses and motivates self to persevere through difficult tasks and achieve goals.
3. Social awareness: Open to listen to, understand and empathize with others’ views, regardless of background and cultures.
4. Relationship skills: Collaborate effectively and positively with others, reason and problem solve constructively, withstand any inappropriate, negative influences.
5. Responsible decision-making: Make valuable and practical choices about personal behaviour and during interpersonal situations based on “ethical standards, safety, and social norms.”